SCA is exposed to a number of risks that could exert a greater or lesser material impact on the Group. These risks are generally defined as factors that impact SCA’s ability to achieve established targets for the Group. This applies to both financial targets and targets in other areas.
Many of the risks described could have a positive or negative impact on the Group. This implies that if risk develops in a favorable manner or if risk management is successful in counteracting the risk, target fulfillment could exceed expectations. From this perspective, risk could also entail opportunities for SCA. Examples include the GDP trend and the economic situation, the cost of input goods, customer and consumer patterns, and movements in market prices.
The description in this section pertains to the structure that the SCA Group had at year-end 2012, meaning that it excludes the divested Packaging business area (excluding the two kraftliner mills in Sweden).
SCA’s structure and value chain
SCA’s structure and geographically dispersed business entails in itself a certain degree of risk reduction. SCA conducts operations in three business areas that deliver to entirely, or par tially, different customer segments and endusers. The operations are influenced to varying degrees by the business cycle and general economic prosperity and their competitive situations also differ. SCA’s products are sold through many different channels and distribution paths.
The operation has a large geographical spread. Sales are conducted in about 100 countries worldwide and manufacturing is pursued at about 100 production units in some 30 countries. Sales are often based on local manufacturing.
SCA’s structure also ensures that the raw material flows are, to a certain degree, integrated from forest land to the finished consumer products. In 2012, 50% of SCA’s wood raw material requirements were sourced from the Group’s own forests. The wood fiber is used for SCA’s production of pulp, kraftliner and publication papers, in sawmill operations, and for the manufacture of tissue. Forest waste from SCA’s activities is used in biofuel operations. The energy generated in the production process is used internally or sold.
The pulp is subsequently used in the production of mainly tissue, some 37% of the pulp requirement was satisfied by the Group’s own pulp production.